Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Seed Germination in CITES Listed Cycas beddomei and its Bearing in its Conservation


Cycas beddomei Dyer, is an endemic and endangered, CITES (Appendix I) listed species from the Eastern Ghats of India. For large scale production of seedlings, the authors proposed a new seed germination technique with the objectives of disabling seed dormancy, quickening germination and improving germination percentage. The seedlings raised through this method develop coralloid roots faster that guarantee their survivability. The method is cost effective and suggestable for large scale species restoration programmes of this otherwise threatened species.


Conservation, Endemic Species, Animal Scarification, Vermicompost & Cocopeat Method



Download data is not yet available.


  1. CITES, 2003. Review of Significant Trade Cycads. Available at (accessed on 23 May 2021).
  2. IUCN Standards and Petitions Committee. Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. 2019. Version 14. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Committee. Available at (accessed on 23rd May 2021).
  3. KHURAIJAM, J.S. AND R.K. ROY. 2015. Propagation of Indian Cycads: Methods and Precautions. Indian Journal of Tropical Biodiversity,23(1):102-105.
  4. SALAMMA, S., M. CHENNAKESAVULU NAIK, A. KUMAR AND B. RAVI PRASAD RAO. 2016. Seed germination studies in Cycas beddomei: Implications for propagation and conservation. National seminar on indigenous phytodiversity for sustainable development.PSC & KVSC Govt. College, Nandyal. Andhra Pradesh.
  5. WHITELOCK, L. M. 2002. The Cycads. Timber Press. Inc. Portland, Oregon.
  6. ZARCHINI, M., D. HASHEMABADI, B. KAVIANI, F. PARVANEH RAFIEI, AND N. NASER. 2011. Improved germination conditions in Cycas revoluta L. by using sulphuric acid and hot water. Plant Omics Journal, 4(7): 350-353.