Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Algal Diversity in Deepor Beel of Assam: A Ramsar Site of North East India


Explorations were made to enumerate and document algal diversity of the Deepor beel Ramsar site in Assam. A total of 219 algal species were reported belonging to Chlorophyta (73), Cyanobacteria (41), Charophyta (36), Euglenozoa (35) Bacillariophyta (27) and Ochrophyta (7) respectively. Out of which, around 108 species were reported for the first time from Assam. Cosmarium with 12 species was recorded to be the dominant genus which was followed by Desmodesmus (10), Phacus (10), Lepocinclis (8), Trachelomonas (8) and Closterium (7) respectively.


Chlorophyta, New To Assam, Phytoplankton, Systematic Enumeration, Taxonomic Account.


Author Biography

Partha Pratim Baruah

Specialised in Plant/algal Ecology and taxonomy 


Department of Botany

Gauhati University

Bishmita Boruah

Researh Scholar in Algal Taxonomy

Soumin Nath

Research Scholar in Algal Taxonomy

Himamani Kalita

Research Scholar in Algal Taxonomy

Shaswatee Bhattacharjee

Research Scholar in Algal Taxonomy


Download data is not yet available.


  1. BARMAN, M. AND P. GOSWAMI 2019. Impact of Climate Change on Characteristics of Rainfall and Temperature in Kamrup District of Assam. IARJSET. 6(10): 70-74.
  2. BARUAH, P.P. AND B. KAKATI. 2012. Water quality and phytoplankton diversity of Gopeswar temple freshwater pond in Assam, India. Bangladesh J. Bot. 41(2): 181-185.
  3. BARUAH, P.P., B. KAKATI AND I. AHMED. 2009. Some Fresh Water Algae of Oil Refinery Effluent Drains of Assam, India. Our nature. 7:139-145.
  4. BARUAH, P.P., R. BARUAH AND J. THAKURIA. 2013. Chlorophycean diversity of Deepor Beel Wildlife sanctuary. Phykos. 43(2): 33-42.
  5. BARUAH, P.P., R. BARUAH AND P. DAS. 2014. A preliminary study on diversity and distribution of Spirulina, Arthrospira and Glaucospira (Cyanobacteria) in the Brahmaputra Valley of Assam (India). Feddes Repertorium. 125: 85–92.
  6. BHARATI, H., G. DESHMUKHE., S. K. DAS., B. K. KANDPAL., L. SAHOO., S. BHUSAN AND Y. J. SINGH. 2020. Phytoplankton Communities in Rudrasagar Lake, Tripura (NorthEast India) – A Ramsar Site. IJBSM. 11(1): 001-007.
  7. BORDOLOI, D. 2016. Diversity distribution and seasonality of fresh water algae in Tinsukia district of Assam with special reference to Oil fields. Ph.D. Thesis, Gauhati University.
  8. BORDOLOI, D. AND P. P. BARUAH. 2015. Composition and Seasonality of Phytoplankton in a Crude Oil Effluent holding Pond of Digboi Oil Field, Assam (India). Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences. 4(80): 76-82.
  9. BORGOHAIN, D. AND B. TANTI. 2014. Diversity of freshwater diatoms from few silica rich habitats of Assam, India. Journal of Research in Biology 4(1): 1162-1173.
  10. BURAGOHAIN, B. B., F. YASMIN AND N. K. BRAHMA. 2012. Epipelic Algal Flora of Samaguri Lake of India: A Systematic Approach on Algae – II. Ann. Biol. Res. 3(10): 4808-4819.
  11. CHETIA, S., A. SAIKIA, M. BASUMATARY AND D. SAHARIAH, 2020. When the heat is on: urbanization and land surface temperature in Guwahati, India. Acta Geophysica.
  12. DAS, D AND J. P. KESHRI. 2016. Desmids of Eastern Himalaya. Bibliotheca Phycologica (119). J. Cramer. Germany. pp 260.
  13. DAS, S. K. AND S. P. ADHIKARY. 2014. Freshwater algae of eastern India. Daya publication, New Delhi. pp. 453.
  14. DAS, R., P. DEVI AND C. L. BOISSYA. 2003. Cyanobacterial diversity in Deepar Beel Bird Sanctuary. In: Biodiversity of Eastern Himalayan Protected Areas. Baruah P. P. (ed), Handique Girls’ College, Guwahati, Assam (India). pp. 110-116.
  15. DEB, S., B. SARMA., J. ROUT AND M. SENGUPTA. 2013. Algal diversity in soil crusts of Assam University, Silchar Campus (North East India). Phykos. 43(1): 56-67.
  16. DEB, S., J. SAIKIA AND A. S. KALAMDHAD. 2019. Ecology of Deepor beel wetland, a Ramsar site of Guwahati, Assam with special reference to algal community. European J. biomed. Pharm. Sci. 6(5): 232-243.
  17. DEKA, S. K. AND D. C. GOSWAMI 1992. Hydrology, Sediment Characteristics & Depositional Environment of Wetlands: A case study of Deepor Beel, Assam. J. Assam. Sc. Soc. 34(2): 62-84.
  18. DESCY, J. P. 1987. Phytoplankton composition and dynamics in the river Meuse (Belgium). Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 78: 225-245.
  19. DESIKACHARY, T. V. 1959. Cyanophyta. I.C.A.R. monograph on Algae. New Delhi. pp. 686.
  20. DEVI, M. B., S. GUPTA, AND T. DAS. 2015. Phytoplankton community of Lake Baskandi anua, Cachar District, Assam, North East India – An ecological study. Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst. 417(2): 1-9.
  21. GANDHI, H. P. 1960. On the diatom flora of some ponds around Vasna village near Ahmedabad. J Indian Bot. Soc. 39: 558–567.
  22. GANDHI, H. P. 1998. Freshwater diatoms of Central Gujarat. Bishen Sing. Mahendra Pal Singh, Shiva Offset Press. pp. 168.
  23. GOGOI, L. 2013. Degradation of Natural Resources and its Impact on Environment: A study in Guwahati City, Assam, India. IJSRP. 3(12): 2250-3153.
  24. GOSWAMI, C. AND M. P. KALITA, 2012. Ichthay of faunal Diversity & Anthropogenic Stress on Deepor Beel: the only Ramsar site in Assam. IOSR-JESTFT. 2(1): 54-59.
  25. GUIRY, M. D. in M. D. GUIRY AND G. M. GUIRY. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.
  26. HAZARIKA, B., P. DEVI AND C. L. BOISSYA. 2003. Cyanobacterial flora of Bordoibam Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary of Lakhimpur district, Assam, India. In: Biodiversity of Eastern Himalayan Protected Areas. Baruah P. P. (ed), Handique Girls’ College, Guwahati, Assam (India). pp. 117-123.
  27. JENA, M., S. K. RATHA AND S. P. ADHIKARY. 2006. Algal diversity of Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Orissa. Ind. Hydrobio. 9(1): 103-113.
  28. JENA, M. AND S. P. ADHIKARY. 2007. Chlorococcales (Chlorophyceae) of Eastern and North-eastern States of India. Algae. 22(3): 167-183.
  29. JOHN, D. M., B. A. WHITTON AND A. J. BROOK. 2005. The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles: An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 702.
  30. KAKATI, B. 2011. Studies on the algal ecology of some historical ponds of Kamrup district (Assam). Ph.D. Thesis, Gauhati University.
  31. KANT, S. AND P. GUPTA. 1998. Algal flora of Ladakh. Scientific Publication, Jodhpur, India. pp. 341.
  32. KOMÃREK, J. AND K. ANAGNOSTIDIS. 1998. Cyanoprokaryota I. Teil: Chroococcales. Herausgegeben von H. Ettl, G. Gärtner, H. Heynig, D. Mollenhauer (eds.), SüßWasserflora. Von Mitteleuropa, Gaustav Fischer, 19. pp. 548.
  33. KOMÃREK, J. AND K. ANAGNOSTIDIS. 2005. Cyanoprokaryota II. Teil: Oscillatoriales. B. Büdel, G. Gartner, L. Krienitz and M. Schagerl (eds.), SüßWasserflora. Von Mitteleuropa, Elsevier, 19. pp. 759.
  34. KOMÃREK, J. AND B. FOTT. 1983. Das phytoplankton des Süβwassers, 7. Teil: - E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart. pp. 1001.
  35. NAHAR, S. AND B. TANTI. 2017. Freshwater Diatoms from Deepor Beel - A Ramsar Site of Assam, India Revealed Potential Photoluminescence Properties for Nanotechnological Applications. J. Mater. Sci. 5(4): 17-22.
  36. PALMER, C. M. 1969. A composite rating of algae tolerating organic pollution. Journal of Phycology. 5:78–82.
  37. PALMER, C. M. 1980. Algae and Water Pollution. Castle House Publication, London. pp. 123.
  38. PERUMAL, G. M. AND N. ANAND. 2009. Manual of Freshwater Algae of Tamil Nadu. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Dehra Dun. India. pp. 133.
  39. PHUKAN, S. AND S. P. BORA. 2012. Preliminary reports of desmids (algae, Chlorophyceae) From Sivsagar district of Assam. Journal of Frontline research in Arts and Sciences. 2: 134-141.
  40. PRASAD, B. N. AND P. K. MISRA. 1992. Fresh Water Algal Flora of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Vol. II. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Dehra Dun. pp. 238.
  41. PRASAD, B. N. AND M. N. SRIVASTAVA. 1992. Fresh water algal flora of Andaman & Nicober Islands. Vol. 1. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Dehra Dun. pp. 369.
  42. RANDHAWA, M. S. 1959. Zygnemataceae. ICAR, New Delhi. pp. 478.
  43. SAIKIA, P.K. AND P.C. BHATTACHARJEE. 1987. A study of the Avifauna of Deepor Beel: A Potential Bird Sanctuary in Assam. In: Wetland and Waterfowl Conservation in Asia. D. Parisah and R. C. Prentice (eds.), Asian Wetland Bureau/ IWRB, Kuala Lumpur, Pp. 185-195.
  44. SAIKIA, P. K. 2005. Qualitative and Quantitative Study of Higher and Lower Organisms and their Functional Role in Deepor Beel Ecosystem. Final Report to Department of Space (Government of India), Gauhati University, India.
  45. SAIKIA, P. K. AND M. K. SAIKIA. 2011. Biodiversity in Deepor Beel Ramsar site of Assam India, Volume-I Faunal Diversity. Lambert Academic Publishing GMBH & Co. KG, Printed in USA, UK. pp. 110.
  46. SHARMA, B. K. 2009. Phytoplankton communities of Loktak lake (a Ramsar site), Manipur (N.E. India): composition, abundance and ecology. JoTT. 1(8): 401–410.
  47. SHARMA, B. K. 2015. Phytoplankton diversity of Deepor Beel - a Ramsar site in the floodplain of the Brahmaputra River Basin, Assam, north-east India. Indian J. Fish. 62(1): 33-40.
  48. SHIVALINGAIAH, G., G. P. MURTHY., C. MURTHY AND S. P. HOSMANI. 2009. An ecological study of temple tank in Melukote, Karnataka, India. Advances in Plant Sci. 22(1): 185-190.
  49. THAJAMANBI, M., J. ROUT and N. THAJUDDIN. 2016. Isolation and Characterization of Two Cyanobacterial Strains Calothrix sp. and Microchaete sp. from Rice Fields of Karimganj District, Assam, North East India. Curr World Environ. 11(2): 399-405.
  50. YAMAGISHI, T. 2010. Plankton Algae of Southeast Asia. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Dehra Dun. India. pp. 249.
  51. YASMIN, F., B. B. BURAGOHAIN AND R. SARMA. 2015. Aquatic Algae from Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India. IJCMAS. 4(12): 297-302.

Most read articles by the same author(s)